Focused echocardiographic evaluation in resuscitation management
Figure 1. Focused echocardiographic evaluation in resuscitation management (FEER) in emergency and critical care medicine. Algorithm with indications and workflow (a); integration into advanced life support (ALS) (b); road map of repeated use of FEER during resuscitation stages (c). FEER has to be completed within 5 secs during pauses of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). PEA, pulseless electrical activity; PM-ECG, pacemaker-electrocardiogram; RV, right ventricle; LV, left ventricle; VF/pulseless VT, ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia; end-exp. CO2, end-expiration CO2; BLS, basic life support; ED/ICU, emergency department/intensive care unit.
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